Is Your Pal Going To Suffer From Arthritis As An Old Dog?

Arthritis As An Old DogOne in every five dogs suffers from arthritis. This illness can attack your pal no matter its age or breed, but there are several factors that increase its risk of getting it at one point or another.

According to the vets at the Novartis Animal Health, these are the 5 factors that make your young or old dog more susceptible to arthritis:

1. Genetic predisposition

Some specific breeds like Labrador retrievers, Golden retrievers, and German shepherds are normally attacked by arthritis. Up to 70% of these dogs will become arthritic at some point in their lives.

2. Overweight

Obesity is a serious problem not only for humans but for dogs too. It has been confirmed that overweight dogs are more likely to get osteoarthritis three years ahead of thin dogs.

3. Joint abnormalities

If your dog suffers from hip dysplasia, which is the number 1 cause of lameness in dogs, it will probably be at higher risk of getting osteoarthritis since this condition exerts extreme stress on the joints.

4. Joint stress and trauma

Some injuries, like the ones suffered when a dog gets hit by a car, can seriously damage ligaments, tissues, and bones, and can really increase the risk of your senior pal developing osteoarthritis.

In the same way, dogs that are highly active or that work in demanding activities normally put a lot of stress over their joints, leading to chronic injuries that make them more vulnerable to osteoarthritis.

5. Infection

Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections can affect the joints and open the doors to arthritis.

Some conditions that fall under this category are: Ehrlichiosis, Lyme disease, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever, which can be transmitted by ticks.
If you think your old dog is in pain, take it to the vet immediately. If the doctor confirms your pal has arthritis, talk to him about treating it through a special diet, appropriate exercise, and pain control medication.

How to Keep Your Older Dog Healthy

older dogA dog’s breed and size determine when it becomes a senior pet, and even though there is nothing you can do to prevent your best friend from getting older, there are several things you can do to help it stay active and healthy for as long as possible:

1. Keep a close eye on the health of your older dog

– Take your dog to the vet regularly. It is crucial for an older dog to get regular medical attention and check-ups, at least once every six months. Your dog may need to undergo blood tests, X-rays, electrocardiograms, ultrasound, CAT scans, or MRIs.

Be ready to tell the vet about any changes, no matter how small, on your older dog’s energy level, appetite, or behavior; tell the vet when the change started and what you think could have caused it.

– Check your dog’s hearing and eyesight. Cloudy eyes are normal on an older dog, and this may be nothing serious; nevertheless, a senior dog may also develop cataracts and glaucoma, or suffer from hearing loss.

If you surprise your dog when you approach it, if it bumps into objects, or doesn’t respond to your call, it may be losing its hearing ability.

2. Groom your older dog frequently

– Brush your dog’s teeth every day. This will prevent its teeth from decaying and will also inhibit gum disease and tooth loss. As you brush your older dog’s teeth, you should look for early-stage mouth and tongue ulcers.

– Be attentive to an increase in bad breath. There are the natural smells that come with dogs, and the normal breath smells that are produced by the remains of food, but, if your older dog shows a change towards a much stronger and foul breath, this could mean it is getting sick.

– Bathe and groom your older dog once a week. An older dog must be kept free of fleas and other parasites, because it is not capable of grooming itself as it used to. While brushing it, notice any bumps, skin lesions, or abnormal hair loss, and be careful, because its skin is not as elastic anymore, and you may scratch or pull it. Clip its nails to ensure its balance is good.

– Massage your dog’s joints and limbs. Your older dog will not be able to exercise regularly, thus, you have to improve its flexibility and circulation through soft massages to its muscles and joints.

3. Keep your older dog active

– Present your older dog with moderate exercise. Your senior dog needs to keep its muscle tone, its heart, its digestion, and its attitude healthy, and mild exercise does the trick. You may develop walking and swimming routines, as well as gentle games to keep it in shape and alert.

– Allow your older dog repeated bathroom breaks. Its digestion may become irregular as it ages, and its bladder may lose elasticity and capacity.

– Respect a regular routine. Your older dog will really appreciate it if you stick to a routine. By all means, feed it and walk it at the same time every day.

– Reduce stress to the minimum. An older dog may not easily welcome unknown animals or people, and may become irritated with children. Since it may be losing its senses, may get arthritic or forgetful, your older dog may not like to mingle with your guests, friends or family, anymore.

– Train it with word and hand commands. In this way, your older dog will understand you in the event it loses its hearing or seeing faculties.

4. Help your older dog eat and sleep well

– Never leave your older dog outside by itself. Its place is inside your home, and it should spend less and less time outside, because it will become sensitive to temperature changes that will affect its aging lungs and heart.

Also, since it is not as sharp as it used to be, your older dog may easily get hurt or lost outside.

– Get it a soft bed. An older dog finds it more difficult to sleep well because of arthritis, elbow calluses, and other ailments, thus, get it an orthopedic bed to increase its comfort.

– Feed it well. Your older dog may gain weight fast because of its slow metabolism; thus, get it food high in fiber and low in fat. When its digestion deteriorates, offer it smaller, but more frequent, meals. Your older dog will need a special diet if it has diabetes, arthritis, or heart or liver conditions.

– Always give it fresh, cool water. This is vital for dogs at any age, but especially for an older dog.

Three Ingredients That Make All the Difference in the Best Senior Dog Food

Best Senior Dog FoodWhen dogs start aging there are signs that are very visible such as the graying of hair, joint rigidity, slower reaction, slower walking and more sleeping, while others are more difficult to notice, which is the case of sight problems and the loss of the sense of smell.

When your dog’s activity levels diminish, it is difficult to control its weight if you do not adjust its diet accordingly, and too much weight can promote joint rigidity and intensify a mild arthritic condition, which will seriously hamper your pal’s quality of life and wellbeing.

In any of these cases, you may not believe that adjusting your pal’s diet with a senior formula could help delay these conditions; however, the best senior dog food contains special ingredients that help your older dog battle normal aging decay.

Some brands produce senior formulas that are low in fat and calories so that your senior dog does not gain too much weight, which is a common occurrence as some breeds get older and are not able to exercise or move as they used to.

Here we give you a list of three ingredients that make all the difference for senior dogs. You will notice that all of them are highly recommended for human diets also due to their richness and they are all important ingredients in the best senior dog food:

1. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulphate. These two ingredients are added to senior dog food to help alleviate rigidity in the joints. You can identify the best senior dog food because it will always contain glucosamine and chondroitin sulphate.

2. Omega 3, Omega 6 and fatty acids. These ingredients help maintain your dog’s skin and coat healthy and shiny. Every brand that produces top quality senior dog formulas includes all of these in their main ingredients list.

3. Antioxidants.These ingredients support your old pal’s immune system, and are a must in any senior dog food formula that considers itself top quality.

There is not a defined age to change your dog from adult formula to senior food. Each dog is very particular, so it will depend on your friend’s condition and breed.

Pay attention to the signs of aging in your dog and accept them. This is the first step towards helping your pal enjoy a full, happy and healthy last stage.

Ingredients That Are Good For Your Senior Dog

senior dog foodThe Wellness brand of senior dog food is formulated to be not only satisfying but also the general health base your old pal needs.

In order to do this, the brand has carefully chosen an array of natural ingredients that in combination with powerful nutrients such as glucosamine, probiotics, antioxidants and omega fatty acids ensure your dog enjoys prime quality of life until the end.

Here is a list of 15 ingredients Wellness senior dog food contains that will make a big difference in your pet’s quality of life:

These are a very good source of pectin.

These contain a lot of Vitamin A & C, potassium, fiber and several carotenoids that act as powerful antioxidants.

An amazing source of fiber and minerals, carrots are also a natural source of beta-carotene, which is an antioxidant that helps neutralize free radicals.

These are loaded with Vitamin C and are an especially good source of tannins.

This is Docosahexaenoic acid, which is an Omega-3 fatty acid that aids in neural development. It is a very important part of the brain and the fatty acid that is found in the highest quantity in it. DHA is crucial for the development of the central nervous system and retinal function.

This seeds are also known as linseeds and are loaded with Omega-3 fatty acids, which will make your pal’s coat shinier. They are especially good for helping food move through the digestive tract because they are high in fiber, fact that also adds mass to your dog’s diet.

Green tea extract
This is an herbal extract from the leaves of green tea that is packed with antioxidants.

Ground barley
This ingredient is very good to treat obesity and diabetes in your dog because of its unique nutritional composition: reasonable amounts of slowly digested starch and soluble fiber ß-glucan.

Kelp is an outstanding natural source of iodine and it also contains good fiber.

It is a very good source of extremely digestible carbohydrates, protein and fiber.

These are natural micro flora that support digestion, making it possible for the organism to use food in a better way and producing bacteriocins that work as natural antibiotics.

This vegetable has high amounts of carotenoids, counting beta-carotene and lutein. It also has lots of magnesium, manganese and iron.

Sweet potatoes
These are full of carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and beta-carotene.

Yucca schidigera extract
This plant grows in the dessert, naturally helps digestion and diminishes the smell of feces.

A Guide to Gun Dogs – The Hunter’s Best Friend

gun dogsFor hundreds of years, man has worked together with hunting dogs to kill game for food. A dog’s natural hunting instinct makes it ideal for locating and retrieving game, and its easy trainability ensures that it will do its utmost to please its master. When humans began to hunt with firearms, dogs had to be trained not to be gun-shy. These canine hunters, known as collectively as gun dogs, are able to assist their masters in a variety of situations on a hunt.


Types of Gun Dogs and Their Uses

Gun dogs generally fall into three categories based on their primary functions. These are pointing breeds, flushing spaniels, and retrievers. Each breed may carry out other tasks, but it is their primary purpose that they are prized for.

Pointing breeds, or simply pointers, will point at the location where game is found. This is an instinctive response and cannot be taught. Pointers will make a wide circle around a field, keeping to the edges where the most game will be. Some popular pointing breeds are the English Setter, the Irish Setter, and the English Pointer.

The primary role of a flushing spaniel is to walk in a back-and-forth pattern in front in of the hunter. A well-trained dog will stay within gun range so that the hunter will be able to make the shot. Unlike pointers, a flushing spaniel will flush game as soon as it finds it. Flushing spaniels are often trained to perform the same role as retrievers.

The dogs known as retrievers fetch game after it has been killed. Retrievers are trained to watch where a shot bird falls. They are also trained to find game which they didn’t see fall, called a blind retrieve, by following hand, whistle, and voice commands. A dog that has been trained well will use a “soft mouth” to deliver the game directly to the master’s hand, meaning that it does not bite down on the game and pierce the flesh. A subgroup of retrievers is water dogs, which retrieve game from rivers and lakes.


gun dog with birdUsing Hunting Dogs in the Field

Pointers and flushing spaniels are essential to hunters for their ability to locate game birds and send them into the air where they can be shot. These dogs have abilities that cannot be replicated by man or by any technological means. Retrievers simply make the job of the hunter easier by fetching downed game birds. Dogs can do this task quicker and are less likely to fail to find a bird that has fallen into hard-to-search-through areas.

In the past, the only equipment a hunting dog’s master needed was a weapon, but today there is a range of items to make hunting easier. Kennels and carriers can be secured in a truck bed to transport dogs to hunting fields far from home. Game will scatter prematurely if the presence of a dog is detected, so a hunter may use a dog blind for camouflage. Though they are frowned upon by traditional hunters, GPS collars can pinpoint the location of dogs. Specialized vests can help water dogs stay afloat and keep them warm.

Gun Dog Training Techniques

A trainer must always be consistent, using the same commands each time. Dogs in training should never be allowed to do anything they wouldn’t do on a hunt. Trainers should not adopt a routine to ensure that dogs watch and listen to the trainer for commands and not predict them based on repetition. When a command is given, the trainer must insist the dog follows it until another command is given. For example, if a dog is told to sit and later moves, the trainer must return the dog to the place it had been commanded to sit.

Hunting dogs are beautiful and easily trainable creatures. Their superior breeding makes them popular as pets and show dogs, but they are truly happiest when they are on the hunt. Raising a few well-trained dogs is something no hunter would ever regret.

Game Bird Breeding

game bird breedingRaising game birds is an attractive business for a small acreage lot, either as a fun past time, a hobby, or a full-scale commercial enterprise. Wing shooting popularity is increasing quickly and the market for game birds is rapidly growing. Game bird propagation is an ideal hobby that maintains a closer touch with “nature.” Many people raise gamebirds to release in wildlife coverts near their own home. Many hunting preserves have a big demand for importing game birds. Also increasing numbers of game birds are produced for the gourmet food market or for even for individual consumption.

The gamebird industry has grown from a backyard hobby to a thriving business with excellent potential. The principal types of birds being commercially produced in volume are bobwhite quail, coturnix quail, ringneck pheasant, chukar partridge, hungarian partridge, and mallard ducks. Wild turkeys and geese are also raised, but on a smaller scale at this time.

The largest established “market” for gamebirds at the present time is producing for restocking on private-enterprise hunting preserves and conservation areas. There is an increasing demand for breeding stock to be purchased by other breeders and for the starting up of new breeding operations. Dressed gamebirds for the gourmet trade is an increasing market as well. When properly cleaned and chilled, gamebird meat is vastly superior to the modern force-fed broilers, turkeys, and long island ducklings. Of interest to many diet-concious people, meat from gamebirds is higher in protien and lower in cholesterol than poultry that has been domesticated for generations.

Gamebirds can be restocked in abundance and hunted intensively when they are produced under controlled conditions with artificial incubation and brooding, scientifically balanced rations and protection from the elements, disease, and predation.

Gamebird propagation is still a relatively new science. Much of the early information was adapted from the domestic poultry industry. Their experience and knowledge regarding incubation, brooding, management, and disease control has been a valuable asset to the gamebird industry.

Gamebird Breeding Equipment

Poultry equipment is not as easy to secure locally as it once was. There are scattered hardware stores and farm supply stores that still sell some types of poultry equipment, but these stores are “few and far between.” In order to get started in the gamebird breeding business, you will first need to know where to purchase the necessary equipment and supplies.

In general, most of this information refers to commercial production. The same principles can be adapted to producing and maintaining a small flock as a hobby. Economic success in commercial game bird production and marketing depends on understanding the basics and practicing all of the principles of effective mass-production and efficient marketing.

We are pleased to be able to pass along tips and techniques that others have generously passed along. We are extremely grateful to John Mullen and Peggy (Mullen) Boehmer, authors of the very informative book, “Game Bird Propagation.” John and Peggy are also publisher and editor of “Wildlife Harvest Magazine,” the official magazine for the North American Gamebreeders Association, (NAGA). We would also like to thank Dr. Gary Davis, Associate Professor and Extension Poultry Specialist at North Carolina State University for his contributions. Dr. Davis is also the Executive Director of NAGA.

KONOV Jewelry Men’s Leather Bracelet, Surfer Style Brown Braided Bangle

KONOV-Jewelry-Mens-Womens-Leather-Bracelet-Wrap-Surfer-Braided-Bangle-Fit-7-9-inch-Brown-0-1Have you grown tired of your Jewelry diminishing over time because of the hazards of air, dirt, and rust, and having to buy a new one to replace it with? Then consider a durable and stylish Konov Men’s Leather Bracelet. This surfer style brown leather braided bracelet has the strength to withstand a great deal of wear and tear. The bracelet is comfortable, and it will impress your friends when you wear it. Because of this, it has been a fashionable accessory for people to put on for any type of wardrobe. Best of all it is only $3.99 on
These are the main features:

  • The width is 0.40 inches.
  • The length is 8 inches around the wrist.
  • The charm has a curvature to match your wrist.
  • The clasp on the bracelet can easily hook, making it a simple detachment for quick accessibility.

These are the following benefits:

  • The bracelet holds a high immunity to rust, erosion, and tarnishing.
  • It has little chance of generating an allergic reaction for someone with a medal allergy.
  • It delivers a nice aroma to someone who is wearing it.
  • It is a very fashionable item to wear with its sleek, current style.
  • It delivers the potential to endure for a long time.

What other people are saying about it:
Some of you may have concerns whether Konov men’s leather bracelet delivers on its long-lasting durability warranty. Based on the reviews on Amazon, 80 percent of people who bought this item are generally satisfied with it, articulating that it matches up with their expectations.

Small Gun Vaults versus Big-Sized Gun Safes

GVB2000 Biometric Gun SafeIf you say that the choice is obvious, have a second look. If you own many guns and you are settled in buying a full size gun safe, you might consider getting a gun vault to keep within your reach. If you planned to put your big size gun safe in your garage or in any other place inside your house, you might need to get a small gun vault that you can easily hide beneath your bed or hid in the cabinet or other furniture in your bedroom. You own a gun because you want to protect yourself when circumstances call for it. Thus, make it within easy reach when that need arise.

When you think big is not needed

Owning a gun is addictive, more often than not. When you thought that you only need one, you might find yourself buying another one and yet another. That calls for more space. When you bought a small gun safe, you might be thinking now of buying a bigger one.

The point is: Now that you are planning to buy gun safe, look into future possibilities. Check all options that are available before making your final decision. So, if you are looking for big sized gun safes, it does not hurt to check small options too. Compute your costs. Should you buy the more expensive full-sized gun safe and totally forget about buying a small one? Or, should you buy a full-size gun safe that will allow you to buy a small hand gun safe that can be covered by your budget.

Take a look at the two options below:

Stack-On SS-10-MB-E 10 Gun Fully Convertible Security Safe with Electronic Lock, Matte Black

This must be one of the best options for big-sized gun safe. It is manufactured by Stack On, a company that had been producing gun safes of optimal quality since 1970. It is water resistant. You will feel confident that  your safe will not give in even if submerged feet deep for seventy two hours. That converts to three days long!

This model is also fire-resistant.

Gunvault GVB2000 Multi Vault Biometric Gun Safe

GVB2000 vault is one of the favorites for small options. One highlight of this safe is he biometric lock. The dimensions in inches: 11x12x8. That makes it easy to hide in your bedroom or easy to transport. If you are worried about the wearing off of the battery, note that this model uses LED light warning so you are warned if the battery is already running low. The battery lasts for about a year.

With the wide varieties of options in the market today, there are lots of possible combinations that you can choose from. If budget is your issue, and you thought that buying just one big safe to contain all your guns, reconsider. With the tight competition in the market, you can surely find options that will allow you to buy an additional small biometric gun safe within the budget you allotted for a big size only. It is a matter of knowing all the options and checking the possible combinations without sacrificing the safety feature of the vaults you will be purchasing. If you are still undecided on what gun safe to buy, we are very willing to help you on that. We will help you to figure out what details perfectly fits your needs.

Symptoms of Poor Blood Circulation

Symptoms of Poor Blood CirculationThere are several underlying medical conditions that can lead to low or poor blood circulation. The most common of these conditions is the hardening of the arteries, however you can begin to see symptoms in different areas of your body when the trouble begins. The most common areas of the body where these symptoms occur is the legs, feet, arms, and hands. If you experience any of the following symptoms of poor blood circulation either by themselves or in any combination, you should contact your physician immediately because these can lead to a stroke, heart attack, or possibly death.

Walking with Leg Pain

If you have been active all your life and just now are experiencing troubles walking, it could be an indication you are experiencing low blood circulation. These symptoms will range from a cramping or sharp pain in the legs when you walk. You may also experience pain in the hip muscles as well. If you are feeling these sharp pains when partaking in physical activities that involve walking, consult your physician as soon as possible.

Weakness and Numbness

One of the more common symptoms of poor blood circulation is when you experience a weakness and numbness in your legs or arms whether you are resting or active. Pay very close attention to this condition if you begin to experience impaired speech right after a sudden feeling of numbness in your extremities. The slurred speech could be followed by the facial muscles dropping, which means that poor circulation has affected the brain too. If you are experiencing poor circulation in the arteries to the brain, the end result could be a stroke.

Cold Following by Swelling

One of the symptoms of poor blood circulation is when parts of your body experience coldness for no reason. You might feel this coldness in your feet, hands, arms, and legs, and usually appears out of nowhere. When your body has issues with poor circulation, it could cause just one hand or foot to feel cold while the other is fine. If the issue is getting worse, you might also experience a swelling in your lower legs and your feet.

Sores That Don’t Heal

When you begin to see sores on your legs or your feet that do not heal quickly, it could be one of the symptoms of poor blood circulation. You will notice that certain wounds on your legs take significantly longer to heal than you were used to. Other things to be concerned about are when the hair on your legs starts to grow very slowly, or your toenails seem to have stopped growing. These are all indications that the blood is not reaching these areas freely as it had done before. Consult with a physician if these signs appear to be getting worse.

Other Symptoms of Poor Blood Circulation

These symptoms are not as common as the previously mentions ones, however they should not be taken any lightly. If you experience any of these in combination with the ones we have discussed, consulting with a doctor immediately is advised.

Weak pulse in your feet or legs means that hardly any blood is making its way through your limbs. If you are having trouble locating a pulse in those areas of the body, visit your doctor and let them take the appropriate steps to try and locate a pulse.

Chest pain can be associated with heartburn or indigestion, but severe chest pains that are occurring often indicate weak blood circulation. This could be the early warning signs of a heart attack, seeing your doctor immediately is well advised. This in combination with other symptoms could indicate a severe life threatening situation.

One of the areas where men will experience poor blood circulation is during sex. If you have trouble getting or maintaining an erection when you have not had issues before, it could be that the blood is having trouble reaching the shaft of the penis. The blood that travels through the penis shaft does by way of extremely narrow arteries. If these arteries are clocked or blocked, the penis can not sustain an erection. Erectile dysfunction could be a indication of a more serious problem, and visiting the doctor is recommended.

Choosing a Biometric Gun Safe

Biometric Gun SafeWhat is a biometric gun safe and why is it considered by many as the most secured option? This word is coined from these two words: “biological” and “measurement.” The lock is unlocked through electronic recognition of certain biological metrics such as fingerprints. Fingerprint biometric gun safes are probably the most common kind. There are also biometric gun safes that uses face recognition or iris scan.

The advantages

Quick Access

One of the top reason why biometric gun safes are preferred is the fact that when emergencies happen, one must act in a split of a second – almost instantaneously. Seconds count when you have to protest your life and your family from intruders. There is no time to look for your pair of glasses so that you can see the graduations and numeric on that dial lock; or the time to key in the combination of that digital lock.

High security

Only the stored biological measurement data can open the lock. That means, a stranger cannot open it by making an intelligent guess after carefully observing the keypads of a digital lock. When a user of a digital lock ignores to change his combination, keying in the same combination every now and then will show signs on those numbers or letters that are pressed. This will give the intruder a clue.

The Disadvantages

Battery powered

Biometric gun safes need batteries for the electronic mechanisms to function. Thus, if the safe does not have an alternative way of opening it – like an “emergency” key, you might need to have your safe be drilled open by a professional locksmith when you forget to change its batteries and it wears off.

Biometric gun safes are expensive

Opting for a biometric safe may mean all your savings if you want to buy a big one to accommodate all the guns that you own. So, would you rather buy a digital lock gun safe and forego of the benefits of a biometric gun safe?


The most important feature of a biometric gun safe is quick access. You can discreetly and swiftly get your gun out from the safe when you need it fast. Then, why not buy a biometric hand gun safe? If you own other guns, buy a separate gun safe for it of the digital one. With this, even adding up your total expenses, you may still be cutting costs as compared to getting the bigger option.

Two options that you may want to look into are: SmartTouch Biometrics 855793000122 BioBox and BioVault 2.0.

BioBox – Biometric Fingerprint Safe – This option offers you a slim, light-weight and compact gun safe. It weighs 4.3 lbs. If you are looking for a biometric gun safe for a handgun for immediate access, this may be one in your shortlist. Nonetheless, if you are planning to get a biometric gun safe that can contain more, you may choose BioVault 2.0. Another advantage of this model is the fact that it can store up to fifty fingerprints. One thing that you have to note about this model is the fact that it does not come along with a key override.

To sum up, while a big biometric gun safe may not be an option due to financial constraints, you can still consider buying a small one to take advantage of what biometrics can offer – fast and easy access.